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having a dog in the house

+1 vote
my father brought a dog for my mothers birthday, they are not muslim but i am a revert, i try to keep the dog out of my room as best as i can but sometimes he does come in when my mum enters can i still pray in my room or another where the dog has been? do i need to clean the carpet/room before praying? he doesnt lose any fur but i would also like to ask can i still pray in the clothes that my dog has touched? or if my hands have touched the dog or he licked them for example do i need to take a shower or can i just do wudu?

thanks to those who reply

asalamu alaikum
asked May 3, 2012 by anonymous
retagged May 3, 2012 by admin
   

1 Answer

0 votes

Praise be to Allaah.

Islam forbids Muslims to keep dogs, and the punishment for that is that the one who does that loses one or two qiraats from his hasanaat (good deeds) each day. An exception has been made in the case of keeping dogs for hunting, guarding livestock and guarding crops.

If you touch the dog with a dry hand or when the dog itself is not wet, then your hand does not become impure, but if you touch it when your hands are wet or when the dog is wet, this means that the hand becomes impure, according to the opinion of many scholars, and the hand must be washed seven times, one of which should be with earth. 

Muslim (279) narrated that Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The purification of the vessel of one of you, if a dog licks it, is to wash it seven times, the first time with soil.” 

Al-Nawawi said in al-Majmoo’ (2/598): 

The scholars differed concerning the licking of a dog. Our view is that it makes whatever it licked naajis (impure), and the vessel must be washed seven times, one of which must be with soil. This is the view of the majority of scholars. Ibn al-Mundhir narrated the view that it is obligatory to wash it seven times from Abu Hurayrah, Ibn ‘Abbaas, ‘Urwah ibn al-Zubayr, Tawoos, ‘Amr ibn Dinar, Maalik, al-Awzaa’i, Ahmad, Ishaaq, Abu ‘Ubayd and Abu Thawr. Ibn al-Mundhir said: This is also my opinion. End quote. 

With regard to vessels, if a dog has licked a vessel (i.e., drunk from it), then the vessel must be washed seven times, one of which should be with earth, as was proven in al-Saheehayn and elsewhere, in the hadeeth narrated from Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) who said that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “If a dog licks the vessel of any one of you, let him wash it seven times, one of which should be with earth.” It is better if the washing with earth be the first washing.

And Allaah knows best. 

answered May 4, 2012 by Tanveer (2,870 points)
Since dog is mentioned in the Qur'an, why did Allah not forbid it there?
Praise be to Allaah.

It is essential that it be established in the mind and heart of every Muslim that the Sunnah – which is the words, deeds and approval that are attributed to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) – is one of the two parts of divine Revelation that were revealed to the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). The other part of the Revelation (Wahy) is the Holy Qur’aan.  

Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“Nor does he speak of (his own) desire.

4. It is only a Revelation revealed”

[al-Najm 53:3-4]

It was narrated from al-Miqdaam ibn Ma’di Yakrib (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:  
“Verily I have been given the Qur’aan and something similar to it along with it. But soon there will be a time when a man will be reclining on his couch with a full stomach, and he will say, ‘You should adhere to this Qur’aan: what you find that it says is permissible, take it as permissible, and what you find it says is forbidden, take it as forbidden.’ But indeed, whatever the Messenger of Allaah forbids is like what Allaah forbids.”

Narrated by al-Tirmidhi (2664). He said: It is hasan ghareeb with this isnaad. It was classed as hasan by al-Albaani in al-Silsilah al-Saheehah (2870).

The commentary of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) on the Qur’aan is of two types:

1 – Explaining things that are mentioned in general terms in the Holy Qur’aan, such as the five daily prayers, their times, prostration, bowing and all other rulings.

2 – Adding rulings to the rulings of the Qur’aan, such as the prohibition on being married to a woman and to her paternal or maternal aunt at the same time.

Hence, this is very clearly established according to Islaamic Sharee’ah, it is not permitted to keep a dog except within narrowly-defined limits, as the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) explained: "Whoever keeps a dog, his good deeds will decrease every day by one qeeraat (a unit of measurement), unless it is a dog for farming or herding." According to another report: ". . . unless it is a dog for herding sheep, farming or hunting." (Reported by al-Bukhaari, al-Fath, 2322)

And Allah knows the best
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