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Does the Quran change

+1 vote
Asalamu Alaikum Warahmatulahi Wabarakatuhu There are some muslim who say the Quran changes with time I disagree with that because ALLAH say's the word that comes from me cannot be change. Can you please give me clearer understanding on this topic.
asked Jun 2, 2012 by saeed (34 points)
retagged Jun 2, 2012 by admin
   

1 Answer

0 votes

Wa Alaykum salam wa Rahmatullahi wa barakatu, may Allah reward you for the good question. I think you are asking two questions here.

  1. Has the Quran changed/Altered.
  2. Is the Quran for all times.

As for number one, we know that the Quran hasn't been changed or altered as you would find many contradictions in it's verses as Allah (swt) says in the Quran:

We have, without doubt sent down the Message; and We will assuredly guard it (from corruption).
Surah al-Hijr, verse 9.

From this we can see that Allah has taken the responsibility of protecting the Quran from corruption.

As for the second and I think this is what you or your friends may mean, is the Quran for all times?

In this case yes the Quran has been sent down as a complete guidance for the whole of mankind for all times, this includes all rules and laws to govern all aspects of life comprehensively. Now one can say that the Quran changes according to time for example and ayah/verse can be appropriate for a given time and reality, this very same verse can also be interpreted to apply to another time and another reality.

Take for example the Tafseer of the Quran there a few, if you look at Ibn Kathir's tafseer (Exegesis) you will see that he has interpreted ayahs according to his time and reality, in contrast if you look at later tafseers i.e Tafseer of Imam Qurtubi you will see that this is very different from Ibn Kathir even though the interpretations are of the very same ayahs. This is valid as the Quran is for all times and realities.

Just to give an example if you look at the time of the Prophet Muhammed (saw) there were no such things as cloning, plastic surgery etc, if Muslims claim that the Quran is for all times surely the Quran must contain the answer to these questions in terms of it's legaility etc. If the Quran wasn't for all times then we would not be able to solve societies problems.

To interpret the Quran requires great knowledge and insight and is only left to competent people i.e. people knowledge etc.

I hope that answers your question and Allah knows best.

Please do clarify your question if this isn't what you meant.

answered Jun 2, 2012 by admin (414 points)
So brother correct me if you may, what I think I understand you are saying is that the Quran can not and has not been changed however it fits with the changing of time but it does not change.
Salaams... jazakhAllah for your further clarification.

As you have stated correctly the Qur'an does not and cannot be changed since Allah (swt) has said in the aforementioned verse that He (swt) will prevent it from being corrupted. The Taurat, Zabur and Injeel were corrupted, adapted, edited, lost, etc and hence they are unrealiable as criterions.

The content of the Qur'an does not change so if you pick up a Qur'an from 1 millenia ago it is the same as the Qur'an we have today. What changes is the understanding of the Qur'an and its appplication. This comes about as a result of new ways in which people live for example today we have planes, cars, bicycles, etc as modes of transport where as 1 millenia ago it was mainly by sea or use of animals. This process of applying the content of the Qur'an to new realities which come about naturally over time is Ijtihaad and is unique to Islam and makes Islam and the Qur'an applicable to all times. So as you concluded, the Qur'an fits with the changing of time but the Qur'an itself does not change.

Your brother in Islam
Qur'an is the words of almighty Allah. Neither the content (text) nor the teachings of Qur'an are changeable.

Qur'an is the prime source of Shariah (the basic laws of Islam). As Qur'an is unchangeable the Shariah is unchangeable.

However there may be difference of opinion while explaining certain words or certain events. For example 'Mashariq' and 'Magharib' or 'Mashraqain' and 'Maghrabain' are words used in Qur'an for 'East' and 'West'. Some 'mufassareen' (exegesists) are of the opinion that these words are used for the vastness of 'East' and 'West'. Some 'mufassareen' are of the opinion that these words represents two 'Easts' and two 'Wests' one for summer and one for winter. Some Physicists opined that there are two Easts and two Wests, one geographical (East, West) and second magnetic (East, West).

Similarly while explaining the phenomenon of parting of river/sea for giving way to Musa - Peace be upon him- some 'mufassareen' say it happened because of Allah's command others say it was the phenomenon of high tide and low tide. When the tide was low Musa - Peace be upon him- crossed the water.

Hence the change or difference is not in Qur'an and its teachings but in those matters that does not constitute Shariah.
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