There are fourteen places in the Qur’aan where sajdat al-tilaawah (prostration of recitation) are to be performed when reciting them.
1 - al-A’raaf 7:206 2 - al-Ra’d 13:15 3 – al-Nahl 16:49
4 – al-Isra’ 17:107 5 - Maryam 19:58 6 – al-Hajj 22:18
7 – al-Furqaan 25:60 8 – al-Naml 27:25 9 – al-Sajdah 32:15
10 – Saad 38:24 11 – Fussilat 41:37 12 – al-Najm 53:62
13 – al-Inshiqaaq 84:21 14 – al-‘Alaq 96:19
Based upon certain ahadith (though not sound) Imam Shafa’i also recommended fifteenth sajada at verse 77 of al-Hajj. Some of the Sahaabah used to prostrate when reciting it, which could be taken as evidence, especially since no one is known to have disputed with them in this regard.
Matters relating to Sajdat al-tilaawah:
Sujood al-tilaawah, whether during prayer or outside of it, is Sunnah, not obligatory, because evidence to that effect was narrated from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), in the hadeeth of Zayd ibn Thaabit and in the hadeeth of ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him).
It is better to have wudoo’ and face towards Qiblah for sujood al-tilaawah.
It is prescribed to say takbeer when prostrating, because evidence to that effect is proven in the hadeeth.
There is no salaam or takbeer when coming up from it.
But if the sujood al-tilaawah is done during prayer, then it is obligatory to say takbeer when going down and when coming up, because the Prophet Muhammad saw used to do that in every movement of the prayer,
It is obligatory to say “Subhaana Rabbiy al-A’laa (Glory be to my Lord Most High), as is obligatory during the prostration of prayer. Any additional du’aa’ or dhikr is mustahabb (recommended)
One should not recite al-Tashahhud or say salaam after doing sajdat al-tilaawah, because there is no proof that the Prophet Muhammad saw did that.
AllThe fuqaha’ are agreed upon that sujood al-tilaawah consists of only one prostration.
When the Muslim comes to a verse in which there is a sajdah, it is prescribed for him to prostrate and it is not valid to recite tasbeeh or any other dhikr instead of that; rather this is an innovation which should be denounced.
Sajdat as-shukr (Prostration of gratitude):
Ibn Qudaamah ra said: the description, rulings and conditions of sujood al-shukr are the same as those for sujood al-tilaawah (prostration required when reciting certain verses of Qur’aan). (al-Mughni, 2/372).
Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen ra said: “Sujood al-shukr is done in response to a calamity that is averted or a blessing which come to a person. It is like sujood al-tilaawah outside prayer. Some of the scholars said that wudoo’ and takbeer is required, and some said that only the first takbeer is required. Then he should fall down in prostration, and make du’aa’ after saying “Subhaana Rabbiy al-A’laa. (Fataawa Islamiyyah, 1/205)
Single prostration for the sake of du’aa’
Islam does not prescribe any prostration other than the prostration:
1) in the prayer (salaah) or
2) for a specific reason, such as prostration of forgetfulness (sujood al-sahw),or
3) prostration of recitation (sujood al-tilaawah, required when reading certain verses of the Qur’aan), or
4) the prostration of gratitude (sujood al-shukr).
As for prostration for the sake of du’aa’, there is nothing in sharee’ah to indicate that it is permissible or mustahabb. Rather what is proven from the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allaah be upon him) in many mutawaatir hadeeths is that he used to raise his hands in du’aa’, and he encouraged others to do so.
There is no evidence that any wazeefa requires prostration.
Allaah knows the best.